Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT), also known as paramedics, are in many cases the critical link between life and death for many who suffer injury or serious illness in their homes and on the streets. They are highly-trained to give advanced first-aid for a variety of serious mishaps.
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At a GlanceOther Job Titles: Paramedic Salary Range*: $20,000-$53,000; Median $31,000 Education/Training Required: EMT training program; Associate’s degree Desired Skills/Aptitude: Physical strength, communication skills, compassion, problem-solving ability Certification/Licensing: Certification by NREMT; All states require licensure Locations with Best Opportunities: Nevada, Washington, Maryland, Alaska Employment Outlook: Increase by 33% through 2020 (much faster than average) Opportunities for Advancement: Supervisory roles or advancement to other medical professions; taking higher levels of EMT courses provide advancement as well
What an EMT DoesEMTs respond to a variety of mishaps to include automobile accidents, gunshot wounds, drowning, heart attacks, and the list goes on. The primary duty of an EMT is to give emergency care to a person who has suffered a mishap before taking them to the hospital. This first requires assessing the mishap that the victim has suffered or is suffering from. Then, the EMT takes the prescribed first actions or seeks advice from the medical staff at the hospital as to what needs to be done to stabilize the victim. Once they get the victim stabilized their other tasks include:
- Giving any emergency treatment
- Coordinate with police and firefighters when necessary
- Immobilizing the victim to prevent further injury (if necessary)
- Transporting the victim to the hospital
- Communicating with medical staff and the dispatcher at the hospital for advisement on the victim’s condition while en route
- Comforting the victim while en route to the hospital